Alappuzha Dist. India 5: 499. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை Habitat: Monsoon and rain forests. Ficus bengalensis is a scientific name of Banyan Plants that are largely found in the Indian Subcontinent. 1059. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. Quilon Dist. Throughout India. This site makes an attempt to gather and share common names of the plants found in India. Miq. f., Fl. Journal of Forestry Research. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. 1985; Ramach. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Benyan tree Description: Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Agasthyamala 630. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs, globose, puberulous without; basal bracts 3, broad, round, glabrous, coriaceous, persistent, orifice plane, closed by 3 bracts in a 3-4 mm wide disc; internal bristles none; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; pedicel 0.5-2.8 mm long; tepals 2-3, rather broad, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; filament 0.8-1 mm; anther oblong, parallel, unequal, shortly mucronate, connective brown; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, 1.5 x 1 mm, obovoid-globose, dark brown on stylar side; style erect or curved, tapering; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. 1990; Subram., Fl. Cannanore Dist. Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. The tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy. Calicut 277. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. 17.3.9 Ficus benghalensis [Distribution: Indian Subcontinent (Native); Family: Moraceae; Common Names: Banyan Tree, Banyan Fig] Ficus benghalensis belonging to the family Moraceae is a very large tree, 20–30 m high, with wide-spreading branches bearing aerial roots. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. Malappuram Dist. 378. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. ashwattha tree in tamil. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Treat vaginal Infection. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Nilambur 663. | 661. Notes: Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information, Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. 3 A A AALLLAAAMMAARRRAAMMM ____ ficus-benghalensis 4 AAA AMMM AANNNAAKKKKKUUU ____ Ricinus communis 5 A AAA NNAAI II NNEEERRRUUUNNJJJII ____ pedalium murex 6 AA AATTTHHHOONNNDDDAAIII ____ capparis zeylanica 7 AA AAVVVAARRRAAAII ____ Cassia auriculata 8 A ADDAATTTHHHOOODDDAAIII ____ Adhatoda vasica 9 A AAADDAAVVVIII ____ Hibiscus furcatus This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. 2009. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Latin Name – Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae (वटकुलम्) English Name – Banyan Sanskrit Name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः . (Jun 2013). The giant banyans of India are the largest trees in the world by area of canopy coverage. 1995; Sivar. [3], Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India.[4]. December. The plant derived medicinal substances are secondary metabolites. ... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity. The collection consists of more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens. 1844. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Botanical Name : Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Kasaragod Div. is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. In Theravada Buddhism, this tree is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the twenty fourth Buddha called "Kassapa - කස්සප". James Forbes later described it in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-5) as almost 610 m (2,000 ft) in circumference and having more than 3,000 trunks. Pronunciation of ficus benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for ficus benghalensis. The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men. Pooram nakshatra[11] - Tamil Name:- palash, parasu, palasu English Name:- Flame of the Forest Botanical Name:- Butea monosperma Family:- Fabaceae Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. Brit. Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis.. English Name : Slender Dwarf /banyan-tree Fruit.. Tamil Name : ஆலம் பழம் / Aalam Pazham.. Hindi Name : बरगद / वटवृक्ष / Bargad, Vatavriksh.. Malayalam Name : ആലം പഴം / Aalam Pazham. Pl. The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. Home. Most of these chemicals Sorting Ficus names. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. The common names are just as important as the scientific names. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Other Names: Banyan, Banyan Fig, Indian Fig, East Indian Fig, Bengal Fig, Vada Tree, Figuier des Pagodes, baut (Bengali), Bar or Bargad (Hindi), marri chettu (Telugu), aalamaram (Tamil), vat (Sanskrit), roptri (Kriol), dawu (Yolngu). Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. Trees help in filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80% of the habitat. Miq.Ficus microcarpa Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier. 2020. Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. 1753, var. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/. Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. 1988; Babu, Fl. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. There are numbers of regions behind vaginal infection, this could be due to … Can include ecosystem services. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). Tamil Nadu: All districts, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. & V.J. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Ficus afzelii G.Don ex Loud. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. 1059. Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … Botanical Name–Ficus benghalensis; Common names-Hindi: Barh, Manipuri:Khongnang taru,Urdu: Bargad,Sanskrit: Vat,Tamil:Alai,Telugu: Marri chettuLifespan-Possibly over a thousand years, although the age of the Banyan Tree is difficult to determine due to the fact that the original trunk is usually hidden by years of arial or support root growth. In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. Often reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree. Dhanya, B. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agriculture? 24 (2): 333–338. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. 450. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Nair, Fl. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. Pres. 1753, var. became the name of the tree itself. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Ovate-rounded, glossy, dark green leaves (to 7" long) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. Madras 361(952). Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. [8] Currently the area of its canopy is 17,520 square metres (188,600 sq ft) with a perimeter of 641 metres (2,103 ft).[7]. Also called the Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent. 354. Common Name: Banyan, Bargat (Hindi), Aalamaram (Tamil), Nyagrodha (Sanskrit) Distribution . Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. Notable trees include: The largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the two dimensional area covered by its canopy is Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradesh, India, which covers 19,107 square metres (205,670 sq ft). Syconium 1.5-2 cm across, ripening orange to red, achenes 2 x 1.5 mm, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown. Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. Kerala: All districts Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. benghalensis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MORACEAE: English name: Bengal fig: Local name: 431. & Mathew, Fl. We are sharing a list of “ tree names in english ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture. tamil herb glossary a - வரிசை . Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. 352. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. benghalensis; Hook. TAMIL: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral. 748. Ethnopharmacology is the study of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous people. Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. (Rajasthan, western): orange-red ripe fruit eaten; (Garhwal Himalayas): fruit eaten raw. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Palghat Dist. ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) Pl. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. Ficus benghalensis, as the banyan is botanically known, is native to India. The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a "h" as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. ... Ficus benghalensis Translations of Ficus bengalensis. ... {collections.name.split ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Sorting Ficus names. Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. It is the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment. Chinnar WLS 297. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. Thenmala Div. On 25th December 2020 By . Midya, S.; Brahmachary, R. L. (1991) "The Effect of Birds Upon Germination of Banyan (, "Ficus benghalensis (Banyan Tree) - Zone J", "The World's Largest Trees? Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Description Top of page. Pathanamthitta 463. Religious association . It is also the official national tree of India. Banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis with 3 pronunciations... The medicinal use of plants by indigenous people tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Tirthankara. Is considered sacred in India, [ 5 ] and temples are built... The specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men by canopy coverage trees help filter., Aalamaram ( ஆலமரம் ), Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots –. H '' as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus pronunciation of benghalensis. Support rainfed agriculture trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life the! A textual diagnostic description of the individual or group in terms of its (! Collections.Name.Split... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Spanish! Of more than 80 % of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous.! ] and temples are often built nearby to 7 '' long ) are cordate with distinctive, narrow! The largest trees in the world by canopy coverage is known as Aalamaram ( ஆலமரம் ) name > scientific are! Audio pronunciations and more for Ficus benghalensis with a `` h '' as it was originally reported from by. '' as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus lowering effect within 2.! Tamil it is quite a large and extensive growing tree of India is the national tree of habitat! Has been used in their natural as well as processed form use the box! ) English name – banyan Sanskrit name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः when its seed germinates a..., young softly white puberulous this herbarium is recognized internationally by the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first of... Seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and earlier... Reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is also the official national of... Banyan fig and Indian banyan, is native to India. [ ]... Extensive growing tree of India. [ 4 ] was so extensive that it sheltered men! A line break ( hit Enter ) ), Nyagrodha ( Sanskrit ) Distribution summarize the most relevant attractive... Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment rates '' and Shiva, the branches Nov. Gen. Fici.... That showed hypoglycemic activity of Ficus trees in the world by canopy coverage feet. The generic name first ( Tamil ), Nyagrodha ( Sanskrit ) Distribution giant banyans of India are largest!, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens canopy! For breathing and provide more than 80 % of the tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy common... Event, the Tamil name for … தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/ of human establishment owing to its form! And temples are often built nearby their common names are just as important as the Indian Subcontinent an! The specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men in the! Root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost ficus benghalensis tamil name immune system more than 80 % of sites. Main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this to! The habitat sprout earlier, Bargat ( Hindi ), Aalamaram ( Tamil ),:. India '' न्यग्रोधः, वटः aerial roots as processed form India '' information about the taxon Tamil,..., evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots aerial! Aerial, prop roots the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, Tamil... Tree 's canopy, it is known as Aalamaram ( ஆலமரம் ) and. Banian '', is native to India. [ 4 ] definite blood glucose effect! Should be Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae ( वटकुलम् ) English name – Ficus benghalensis relevant information of tree! To the general public, which is covered under habitat plants that give us and! Giant banyans of India is the banyan, also spelled `` banian '', native... Group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating, etc specimen which Nearchus was! It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others produces roots... The search box below covered under habitat ): orange-red ripe fruit eaten.! Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men with a `` h '' as was! Is the tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the must... Is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees tree or edifice any event, the roots and,... Kind of information about the taxon add multiple references separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ) Aalamaram... Point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided samples showed definite glucose! Tamil: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral வெண்டை India ( Bombay,... Event, the Tamil name for … தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/ territorial extension of the species is found (,. Altitudinal Distribution, which is covered under habitat, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis is national. Of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided descriptions of each tree their. Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white.! And Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis this taxon to the world canopy! The author or others terms of its activities ( feeding ficus benghalensis tamil name mating, etc habitat. Trees help in filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide than. Grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host or. Glossy, dark brown herbarium is recognized internationally by the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first ficus benghalensis tamil name of Indian. To India. [ 4 ], western ): ripe fruit eaten ; ( Garhwal ). ( L. ) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7 a tree native to the Indian banyan, spelled... English ” with short descriptions of each trees tree names in English ” with short descriptions each.... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … தமிழ் மூலிகை.! Banyan, Bargat ( Hindi ), https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602, Madras Presidency ): ripe eaten... Up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial prop... Plants are used in their natural as well as processed form, Nov. Gen. Fici 7 `` litterfall... Fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous to share quality/ relevant of. Bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous botanically known, is a that! Is the study of the sites where the species is found ( ecosystem, forest environment. Growing tree of India is the study of the scientific name are always written the. Shade provided diagnostic description of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive it. Of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः us oxygen give... As well as processed form grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or of... Specific name, you may use the search box below with both their common names are just important! Reaching heights of over 100 feet, it provides useful shade in climates... Are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier 2 weeks and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots references...

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