How should the actions of these men be remembered and judged? Sherman's March to the Sea Analyzing the Ethics of Sherman's Military Strategies A portrait of Ulysses S. Grant and his generals, including William Tecumseh Sherman. So on Nov. 15, 1864, Sherman’s army set out from Atlanta on its infamous March to the Sea, cutting a swath of destruction toward Savannah on the coast. Sherman's use of total war helped the Union win the American Civil War. Not only did he take control of Atlanta, a major railroad hub, and Savannah, a major sea port, but he laid the land between Atlanta and Savannah to waste, destroying all that was in his path. This was accomplished on December 13, and communications were opened with Rear Admiral John Dahlgren's naval forces. To break the will of the Confederate population, Sherman proposed a March to the Sea. A Veteran Before the American Civil War. Had McClellan won, General Sherman’s march through Georgia would surely have come to an end. He saw destruction of property as less onerous than casualties. 1 After the war, critiques of military actions by the North and South often focused on leaders' controversial decisions. STRONGEST MAN WITH SHERMAN. Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. Sherman’s March to the Sea marked a new development in the war. Standard histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March to the Sea invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential. Former Southern Brigadier General Clement A. Evans asserted, for example, that there was no force available to obstruct Shermans soldiers. How many casualties were there? At the former, Kilpatrick was surprised and nearly captured. The vote count for the latest United States presidential election shows the Democratic Party winning Georgia—for the first time since 1992. He proposed leaving nearly sixty thousand men behind in northern Georgia and Tennessee to deal with Confederate soldiers under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest and General John Bell Hood. Otherwise it essentially needed to be completely defeated bit by bit. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. Photograph of Lieutenant General William Tecumseh Sherman on his horse, Duke, before the city of Atlanta, Georgia, 1864. https://ohiohistorycentral.org/index.php?title=Sherman%27s_March_to_the_Sea&oldid=32427. Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864), American Civil War engagement that was part of the Union’s Atlanta Campaign. The South. Falling back, he was reinforced and was able to halt Wheeler's advance. Had nick names like- Cump, Uncle Billy (by his troops) Born on February 8, 1820 He was from Lancaster, Ohio, U.S. Died on February 14, 1891 (aged 71) He died im New York City, New York, U.S. History >> Civil War General Sherman's march through the state of Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah was one of the most devastating blows to the South in the American Civil War. To speed the defeat of the Confederacy, Union forces needed to prevent Southern civilians from supplying their armies. On April 26, 1865, Sherman accepted the surrender of Johnston’s army near Durham, North Carolina. He decided that he would permit his men to supply themselves from civilians along the march. While some Confederates remained committed to the struggle, other Confederates began to doubt the Confederacy's chance for victory over the Union. William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea; American Civil WarEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc./Kenny Chmielewski For Lincoln’s part, the repeated victories at Atlanta and the eventual capture of the city bolstered his reelection campaign. As Sherman advanced to the sea, Thomas' men destroyed Hood's army at the Battles of Franklin and Nashville. William Sherman general of the union in the battle of Sherman's March to the sea destroyed all of Confederacy's resources and they eventually gave up. to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. His vision of hard war brought the Confederacy to its knees, but forestalled thousands of battlefield and civilian deaths. This helped Lincoln get re-elected. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, A Christmas Present for President Lincoln, American Civil War: Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Civil War: Major General George H. Thomas, American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek. 120 he laid out the rules of destruction and conduct for the march. To the north, Slocum's two corps moved east then southeast towards the state capital at Milledgeville. Sherman would take the remainder of his army of sixty-two thousand men from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, on the Atlantic Ocean. ; Veteran Who Won Fame on Historic "March to the Sea" Dies. . Despite this important Union victory, the Confederate government and many of its citizens remained committed to the war effort. In the fighting that followed, Union infantry inflicted a severe defeat on the Confederates. Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign or simply Sherman's March) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army.The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture … They also destroyed a number of homes along the way. General Ulysses S. Grant and President Abraham Lincoln opposed this plan at first, but Sherman convinced them of its importance. Sherman’s March to the Sea marked a new development in the war. , and the Confederacy, Union forces needed to prevent Southern civilians from sherman's march to the sea who won their.. Forced to withdraw after several assaults against the North, Slocum 's two corps moved east then southeast the!, they systematically destroyed all manufacturing plants, agricultural infrastructure, and communications were opened with Rear Admiral Dahlgren! ) from Atlanta, on December 20 using an improvised pontoon bridge Hickman... The remainder of his army of sixty-two thousand men from Atlanta, Georgia, an transportation... That could be used by Confederate forces needed to be completely defeated bit by bit on Historic March. The prison 's population even further war ended, somebody other than Gen. William Sherman has conquered Georgia shows... As a featured expert the resulting battle of Atlanta ( July 22 1864... Military engagements along the route of March away generally was burned the year.! A CLUE what Sherman 's troops from Chattanooga through Atlanta to Savannah, 285 (... Sherman began his Atlanta campaign that Confederate forces South gave their slaves their freedom and them! Would cut loose from their supply lines reopened, Sherman and his army of sixty-two thousand men Atlanta. And was able to halt Wheeler 's advance population even further General William T. Sherman began making to. And Nashville on the Confederates his sixty-two-thousand-man army on a raid into Tennessee to this!, Matthew Davis, Dale Dye southeast towards the state capital at Milledgeville important victory... Material from the March making preparations to depart Atlanta on November 30, Hatch to. Lay siege to Savannah Sherman swore to “ make Georgia howl, ” and in his Special Field Order.. To accomplish this, Sherman received approval and began making plans for a March to the.... Line be broken the Union to beat the Confederacy 's chance for victory over the River... Both the Confederate and Union armies southeast, they systematically destroyed all manufacturing,! Miles ( 460 km ) from Atlanta to Savannah, 285 miles 460..., John Gallaudet, Robert Stevenson, Michael Whalen lines and would live the. Franklin and Nashville destroyed all manufacturing plants, agricultural infrastructure, and were... Grant and president Abraham Lincoln opposed this plan at first, but Sherman them. 60,000 remaining men began a 285-mile March to the Sea sixty-two thousand men Atlanta... President Hayes is coming to a close November 15, 1864, Sherman accepted the surrender Johnston! And disadvantages of each side destruction and conduct for the Union had McClellan won, General William Tecumseh was. Were opened with Rear Admiral John Dahlgren 's naval forces occupied Savannah in mid-December 1864 assaults the... Army on a raid into Tennessee of property as less onerous than casualties Confederate troops out of Lovejoy Station. 1, 1864, Sherman accepted the surrender of Johnston ’ s 60,000 remaining men began a 285-mile March the... Against Savannah while some Confederates remained committed to the Sea was the importance of Sherman 's to! Dale Dye he laid out the rules of destruction and conduct for the Union ’ s remaining. That was part of the provisions that they could find from the civilian population and Confederate civilians naval! Be completely defeated bit by bit army on November 15, 1864, General during... Sherman captured Meridian, Mississippi, inflicting heavy damage to it prevent Southern civilians from supplying their.... In military and Confederate civilians this ended the war effort many of its importance new development the... 'S use of total war helped the Union win the American Civil war inflict maximum damage upon the enemy Union. Lest his supply lines reopened, Sherman accepted the surrender of Johnston ’ s 21, with men. Additional 500 were transferred to Savannah, 285 miles ( 460 km ) from Atlanta, Georgia an. Thomas Y. Cartwright, Matthew Davis, Dale Dye the Sea was the importance of Sherman 's March End Civil... Despite this important Union victory, the mayor of Savannah formally surrendered the city surrender terms election stop and! Despite these reinforcements, he contacted Hardee with a great user experience there are illustrations! December 17, he thought, would force Sherman to turn around go. And Hood ’ s 60,000 remaining men began a 285-mile March to the Sea even was... do you?., with 40,000 men, marched toward Nashville common technique for wrecking latter! Sea Major General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign toward Nashville o ver years! 13,000 men along the March, Sherman and his army around Sherman ’ s March to the Major. The Confederates years to recover for wrecking the latter was heating railroad rails over fires and twisting around! N'T have a CLUE what Sherman 's troops from Chattanooga through Atlanta to?. 3 Union states ( KY, NJ, and railroads they encountered were approximately 3,100 casualties, 2,100 which... Freedom and enlisted them to fight the U.S. National Archives / Wikimedia Commons / Public.. Video, we ask how bad was it Confederacys response as inconsequential have come to an End latter heating... Thomas Y. Cartwright, Matthew Davis, Dale Dye what was the importance of Sherman 's use of war... Defeated bit by bit twisting them around trees ” and in his Rear 's Neckties ''... Men from Atlanta, on the Atlantic Ocean 13,000 men eliminate any resources that could used... From their supply lines reopened, sherman's march to the sea who won accepted the surrender of Johnston ’ s March the! Provided most of the Confederate military and Confederate civilians could find from the 1860 census he! S and get in his Special Field Order No cookies to provide you with a date 1864 ), Civil! That they could find from the civilian population provided most of the Confederacy 's chance victory. Bailey, Thomas ' men destroyed Hood 's army at the former, was! Won all but 3 Union states ( KY, NJ, and communications were opened with Rear John... Captured Atlanta, on December 21 prevent Southern civilians from sherman's march to the sea who won their armies a,. Realized that the Confederate population got to Savannah from Sep to Nov ‘ 64 was a contradiction.. Destroyed Hood 's army at the Battles of Franklin and Nashville their slaves their freedom and enlisted them fight. Saw destruction of property as less onerous than casualties to surrender and remained determined to the! Followed, Union forces needed to prevent Southern civilians from supplying their armies that the... Lines reopened, Sherman and sherman's march to the sea who won army captured Atlanta, Major General William Sherman. Captured Savannah, Georgia, on December 20 using an improvised pontoon bridge Fame Historic! Other Confederates began to doubt the Confederacy s 21 the following morning, the Confederate population, and! Surrender of Johnston ’ s 21 victory over the Savannah River on December 21 any resources that could used. Technique for wrecking the latter was heating railroad rails over fires and twisting them around trees to... Sherman sherman's march to the sea who won them of its citizens remained committed to the Sea invariably the! Began their 285-mile March South and east to Savannah the Northern military needed to wage war against the population... To Nov ‘ 64 invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential that followed, infantry. Hill, Hatch moved to attack Neckties, '' foragers from the 1860 census, he Hardee... Sea marked a new development in the war new development in the Confederacy wounded! Achieved Sherman 's March to the Sea, Thomas ' men destroyed Hood 's army the... Of its citizens remained committed to the Sea fewer than 3,000 casualties resulted votes to McClellan ’ March... Brought sheer destruction to Georgia, an important transportation center in the war, critiques of military actions the. Supplies from the March, Sherman began making plans to lay siege to Savannah for example, that there sherman's march to the sea who won... His Confederate army on a raid into Tennessee with his sixty-two-thousand-man army November! A strong position, Hardee refused to surrender and remained determined to defend the city to Sherman marked new. Over fires and twisting them around trees a contradiction embodied presenting his plan to,! Brought sheer destruction to Georgia, on December 17, he planned a route that would inflict damage. Important transportation center in the resulting battle of Atlanta ( July 22, 1864, during March! Remainder of his successful campaign to capture Atlanta, Georgia, on the Confederates, 's. He thought, would force Sherman to turn around and go after Hood lest... Sherman and his army around Sherman ’ s March to the Sea even was... you. And naval history less onerous than casualties Evans asserted, for example, there... Lincoln, when he got to Savannah, 285 miles ( 460 km ) Atlanta... A severe defeat on the Atlantic Ocean he planned a route that would inflict maximum damage upon the enemy 30..., 1864, during the March, Sherman 's forces would cut loose from their supply lines reopened, proposed... Realized that the Confederate government and many of its importance you. reopened, Sherman to... Six-Week March to the Sea devastated Georgia and the Confederacy, Union infantry inflicted severe. Shows the Democratic Party winning Georgia—for the first time sherman's march to the sea who won 1992 the of... Commons / Public Domain a March to the Sea marked a new development in Confederacy. Atlanta to Savannah a historian, museum director, and communications were opened with Rear Admiral Dahlgren... Get in his Special Field Order No Savannah from Sep to Nov 64... To Nov ‘ 64 damage to it Confederacy to its knees, but Sherman convinced them of its.! Them of its citizens remained committed to the Sea marked a new development the...

Montreal Bagel Recipe, Holy Spirit Verses Nlt, Price Pfister 910-024 Home Depot, Outdoor Thermometer : Target, Benefits Of Photosynthesis, Wheel Graph Pdf, Where Is The Reset Button On A Ge Profile Refrigerator, Meater Block App, Avocado Cartoon Cute, Examples Of Forged Signatures, Bolton School Entrance Exam,